Doctrine of God, part I - Incommunicable Attributes
Genesis 1:1: “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.”
Isaiah 55:9: “As the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts.”
Most important attributes of God
These are often called “incommunicable” because only God alone possesses them:
- Holy – Holiness is God's perfection of character and without flaw and without sin but with complete goodness, justice, mercy, love, etc. (Psalm 71:22, Isaiah 6:3, 1 Peter 1:16).
- Immutable (Unchanging)– God’s nature does not change in any way. His essence has always been and will always be exactly the same (Psalm 90:2, Malachi 3:6, Hebrews 13:8).
- Infinite – God is without measure or limit in scope or duration. There are no constraints upon Him from outside of Himself that would restrict Him in His scope or duration (Genesis 21:33, Deuteronomy 33:27, Isaiah 40:28, Psalm 90:2).
- Omnipotent – God is capable of performing anything He desires. (Psalm 33:9, Isaiah 40:28, 46:10).
- Omnipresent – God is in all places and in all dimensions simultaneously. Nothing in the universe exists outside the presence of God (Psalm 139:7-12, Jeremiah 23:24).
- Omniscient – God has perfect, complete knowledge. He never learns, nor does He forget. He knows all things that exist and all things that could have existed. God cannot grow in knowledge, understanding, or wisdom (Romans 16:27,Hebrews 4:13, 1 John 3:20).
- Sovereign – God is the supreme being who answers to no one and who has the absolute right to do with His creation as He desires (1 Timothy 6:15, Isaiah 46:10).